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Trend in architecture education in India

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) recently published the list of 20 top architectural schools in India for 2020, the ranking of which was done after analysing various parameters like teaching, learning & resources; research and professional practice; graduation outcomes; outreach and inclusivity and lastly the perception.  As was in 2019 IIT Kharagpur topped the list this year too. Data provided by these leading architectural institutions have revealed some interesting facts about architecture education in India.

Some colleges scored poorly on placements

NIRF may consider numerous parameters to make its ranking process better and fool proof but an ordinary student’s most important criteria for selecting an educational institution will primarily be placement chances and the initial pay packet. Interestingly, most of the colleges (in our sample) were able achieve 100% placement for the eligible students, that is, for students not opting for higher studies. However, there are some colleges scoring poorly on placement criteria for the academic year 2018-19. Some of the colleges are:

Students placed or opted for higher studies

College/UniversityStudents Passed (A)Students placed or opted for higher studies (B)B as % of ARank
Anna University792531.6518
Birla Institute of Technology302376.6713
BMS College of Architecture835161.4414
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology694565.2215
National Institute of Technology Calicut472553.193
National Institute of Technology Hamirpur37821.6219
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli473268.088

It should be noted that NIT Calicut is ranked third in NIRF 2020 ranking (and also in 2019) which could place only half of its students. NIT Hamirpur’s record in placement is the worst with only 21.62% of the students getting placed.

IIT Kharagpur tops the list of average annual salary package

However, both these NITs have done far better than most of the other colleges in terms of salary package for the students who are placed. IIT Kharagpur, number 1 ranked institution, has outperformed other colleges in terms of salary packages. Interestingly, average salary package for the students placed by IIT Kharagpur has almost doubled as compared to the salary package of the previous year.  IIT Kharagpur is followed by IIT Roorkee which had topped in this category last year. With annual package of Rs 1.8 lakhs, both Anna University and Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madhurai are at the bottom of the list of average annual pay package for the placed students.

NameAverage annual salary (in Lakh Rs)Rank
2016-172017-182018-19
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur76.0911.451
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee4.86.582
National Institute of Technology Hamirpur5.55.116.519
National Institute of Technology Calicut4.84.26.23
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli63.668
School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi4.24.495.45
Jamia Millia Islamia4.24.84.810
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University3.84.24.54
College of Engineering Trivandrum6.45.44.211
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology4.54.54.215

 

Declining trend arrested

Average annual salary (for graduate students) which was showing declining trend till 2017-18 has changed its direction and has started moving up in 2018-19. In fact, the average salary of 2018-19 is the highest in last three years. It should be noted that increased average salary has come with increased number of students placed.

Average annual placement salary (for graduate students)

Academic yearTotal No of students placedAverage Annual salary (in lakh Rs)
2018-197444.23
2017-186693.96
2016-176694.06

 

Average annual placement salary (for post graduate students)

Academic yearTotal No of students placedAverage Annual salary (in lakh Rs)
2018-194075.48
2017-183275.34
2016-172775.25

In case of post graduation students, the uptrend in salary package has been maintained in 2018-19 also. Interestingly, in case of IIT Kharagpur, median salary of graduate students is more than that of post graduate students. This trend has been continuing for the last four academic years and this year average salary offered to the graduate students is more than double of the one that is offered to the post graduate students.

No of students going for higher studies has fallen

In 2018-19, the percentage of people going for higher studies (from graduation level) has gone down drastically as compared to the previous year. Similar trend is visible even at the post graduation level.

% of students going for higher studies

Particulars2016-172017-182018-19
Graduation level19.1422.2312.86
Post graduation level6.58.836.58

 

Male Vs female ratio

Colleges where females outnumber male students

College/UniversityNo of male studentsNo of female students
Anna University175356
 BMS College of Architecture193387
 Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University135184
Manipal Academy of Higher Education304458
Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madhurai153237

 

Now-a-days increasing number of female students are joining architecture course and now their number almost equals that of males. The ratio of female students to males now stands at 49.5% as against 48% last year. In case of post graduation course, female students exceed in number as compared to male counterparts. In this case, more than 58% of the students are females.  In many of the Southern schools female students far outnumber the male counterparts.

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