“18 Screens House” – a project by Mumbai based Sanjay Puri Architects has won the International Architecture Awards – 2020 under Private Houses category. The annual program is organized jointly by The Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design and The European Centre for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies. More than a hundred new buildings and urban planning projects from 38 nations have been recognized in the latest edition of the International Architecture Awards.
The project, 18 Screens House, is located in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, which is known for extreme heat in the summer and the design aims to mitigate the impact of this extreme weather condition. The house is planned alluding to the traditional Indian courtyard house in response to the climate of the location. The extensive requirements of the six-bedroom house are interspersed with sheltered open terraces and landscaped gardens around a 2nd floor high naturally ventilated courtyard.
The site for this house lies along a busy arterial road and is on the peripheral edge of an extensive plotted development for private homes.
Patterned screens derived from traditional Indian architecture and the famous Lucknow ‘chikan’ embroidery sheath outdoor seating areas for each room on the south, west and east sides. These screens provide shelter from the sun, create different light patterns throughout the day and mitigate traffic noise from the busy arterial road on the southern side.
Large glass windows on the northern side allow indirect light to infuse the internal spaces of the house. Varying volumetric proportions with differing sectional spaces create an individual identity to each living space with the courtyard cohesively integrating them together.
Built almost entirely in raw concrete, a natural palette of sandstone and wood with muted colors, vivid Indian art and landscape are brought together in different compositions in each of the internal volumes.
A large garden on the north penetrating up to the internal courtyard between rooms has partial shadows at most times of the day allowing it to be used in the extensive summers too.
A series of experiences are created in this house that by its design facilitates natural ventilation and sunlight within and is simultaneously contextual to the location, sun articulation, tradition, culture and social aspects.
Since 2004, The Chicago Athenaeum: Museum of Architecture and Design, together with The European Center for Architecture Art Design and Urban Studies and Metropolitan Arts Press, Ltd. have organized The International Architecture Awards as a way in which to honor the best, significant new buildings, landscape architecture, and planning projects designed and/or built around the world’s leading architects, landscape architects, and urban planners practicing nationally and internationally.