NITI Aayog has constituted a panel to look into introducing reforms in the urban planning education system in India. The 14-member advisory committee, headed by NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Rajiv Kumar, will review the urban planning education system in India and examine the availability, demand and supply of qualified urban planners in the country. NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant and secretaries of three ministries—Housing and Urban Affairs, Higher Education and Panchayati Raj—are among the members of the committee.
Urban planning is a process that promotes planned, economic, scientific and artistic development of towns and cities, after passing it through stages of plan formulation, implementation and enforcement for the use of the land in an integrated manner for various activities such as residential, commercial, industrial, traffic and transportation, parks and playground. This also works in preserving the land, which are environmentally fragile to achieve sustainable and inclusive development.
A report of Expert Committee in Town Planning and Architecture to Energise Architecture and Town Planning Education set up by Ministry of Human Resource Development in 2011 had estimated that India would need 3,00,000 town and country planners by 2031 while we have hardly 5,000 town planners at present. As against this India has around 8,000 cities and towns, 600 districts besides over 4,00,000 villages. Even more worrying is the fact that there are only 26 institutes in India imparting town and country planning education, which is not sufficient and not in sync with the requirement. Town planning in most of the institutes is taught as a part of Engineering or Architecture.