India will soon have a National Urban Policy -min
The government at the Centre is planning to come up with India’s first National Urban Policy framework by March this year. The government has already appointed a panel to develop framework for a comprehensive national policy which will be headed by Smart City Mission Director Sameer Sharma
If everything goes as per plan, India may soon have a National Urban Policy which will focus on areas such as inclusive growth, infra finance system and robust urban information system. The government at the Centre is planning to come up with India’s first National Urban Policy framework by March this year. The government has already appointed a panel to develop framework for a comprehensive national policy which will be headed by Smart City Mission Director Sameer Sharma. The panel will include all mission directors (AMRUT, PMAY-Housing for All, Swachh Bharat), and urban experts from the National Institute of Urban Research, Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology, and UN-Habitat (India).
Though urbanization is taking place at a rapid pace in India, the nation doesn’t have a national policy that takes a holistic view of the urban development. One of the main reasons for this may be due to the fact that urban development is a state subject.
However, the government has a national policy for each component of the urban development. For example, the Government has formulated a National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) in April, 2006 which envisages safe, affordable, quick, comfortable, reliable and sustainable urban transport systems, establishment of quality focused multi-modal public transport systems that are well integrated, providing seamless travel across modes, land use transport integration, introducing intelligent transport systems for traffic management etc. Similarly, the National Urban Sanitation Policy seeks to create fully sanitized Cities through awareness generation, State Sanitation Strategies and Integrated City Sanitation Plans. National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy 2007 intends to promote sustainable development of habitat in the country with a view to ensuring equitable supply of land, shelter and services at affordable prices to all sections of society.
The main focus areas of the proposed National Urban Policy will be: cooperative federalism, agglomeration economies, harnessing rural-urban continuum, inclusive growth, sustainability, empowering local-level institutions, sound housing and urban infrastructure finance system, social justice and gender equity, and robust urban information system.