Does Vernacular architecture vary from one climatic zone to another? The answer is a simple Yes. Though Vernacular forms of architecture are diverse in their layout, form, building materials, methods of construction and structural systems, there is one basic similarity – they are climatically and geographically suited to their original regional location. A classy example is Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal – also known as the City of Lakes for its various natural as well as artificial lakes, is one of the greenest cities in India and 17th largest city in the country and 131st in the world. The city is home to the largest number of Institutes of National Importance in India viz. IISER, MANIT, SPA, AIIMS, NLIU and IIIT. To add, the city was selected as one of the first twenty Indian cities (the first Phase) to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission. Bhopal has a humid subtropical climate, with cool, dry winters, a hot summer and a humid monsoon season. Summers start in late March and go on till mid-June, with the peak of summer in May, when the highs regularly exceed 40 °C. Monsoon starts in late June and ends in late September with frequent thunderstorms and flooding. Winters too are cool, and not much comfortable like summers, with average daily temperatures around 16 °C. The temperatures at times drop close to freezing on some nights. Given this climatic condition, green buildings constructed by green architects like Anant Raje and Charles Correa are classic examples of urban Vernacular architecture of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
Indian Institute of Forest Management & Bhopal Development Authority Headquarters designed by Anant Raje; Vidhan Bhavan and Bharat Bhawan by Charles Correa houses examples of vernacular architecture of urban Bhopal in full scale.
Bharat Bhawan, Bhopal; Charles Correa
- Higher Education & Research
Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal; Anant Raje
Bhopal Development Authority Headquarters, Bhopal; Anant Raje
Vidhan Bhavan, Bhopal; Charles Correa